The invention of the printing press made sheet music highly reproducible and available across the globe. The Mainz Psalter, published in 1457, was the first printed book to include music. However, the music sheet was filled in by hand. Music publishing began on a large scale in the mid-15th century. The earliest example is a set of liturgical chants from 1465, printed shortly after the Gutenberg Bible. Before this time, music had to be copied out by hand, which was a very grueling task. There weren’t many scribes familiar with the music notation. The church usually hired scribes to preserve liturgical hymns. In cases of secular music. the scribes were appointed by the wealthy nobles
The father of modern music printing was Ottaviano Petrucci, an Italian printer and publisher. He was able to secure a twenty-year monopoly on printed music in Venice during the 16th century. His printing shop used the triple-impression method, in which a sheet of paper was pressed three times. The first impression was the staff lines, the second the words, and the third the notes. This method produced very clean results, though it was time-consuming and expensive.
Music notation continued to develop in the Romantic music era (1820-1900), along with the development of new musical instruments and technologies.
However, music notation is as old as writing itself. The first accounts of music notation were found in a cuneiform tablet originating in Nippur (today’s Iraq), approximately 2000 BC. The instrument for which the music was written was the lyre. The ancient Greeks had a music notation system of their own. It was in use between the 6th century BC and the 4th century AD. The Seikilos epitaph, the oldest surviving complete musical composition, including musical notation, from anywhere in the world, is written in this notation sometime in the 1st century AD.
Today, many modern musicians around the world reproduce their music sheets on digital appliances. Like with ebooks, there is a debate whether this is better than having the physical product in your hands. One thing is sure, a lot of music sheet page-turners lost their jobs because of this. They, before all others, believe that music sheet printed on paper is the only way to keep your music notated.
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